12 Different Types of Dogs – What You Should Know

Around the world dogs are performing a variety of tasks that show how intelligent and varied they really are. There are roughly a dozen common types of dogs I’m going to talk about because other types are either somewhat included in the chosen topics or are not of particular interest for people looking to buy a pet.

Sporting dogs or show dogs are examples of such types. The truth is, most dogs have been bred with some specific activity in mind. Only today people have various other means of taking care of those problems. However, they couldn’t just get rid of dogs, and thus most have evolved into family pets.

For easier navigation you can click on the links below to find out the most popular breeds from the category you are interested in:

  • 1. Apartment Dogs
  •      Labrador Retriever, Poodle, Yorkshire Terrier…
  • 2. Companion Dogs
  •      Chihuahua, Bulldog, Golden Retriever…
  • 3. Family Dogs
  •      Pomeranian, Schnauzer, Poodle…
  • 4. Watch Dogs
  •      Rottweilers, German Shepherd, Chihuahua…
  • 5. Guard Dogs
  •      Rottweiler, Doberman, German Shepherd…
  • 6. Toy Dogs
  •      Bichon Frise, Miniature Schnauzer, English Toy Terrier…
  •   7. Lap Dogs
  •        American Cocker Spaniel, Toy Poodle, Chihuahua…
  •   8. Herding Dogs
  •        Border Collie, Australian Cattle Dog, Welsh Corgi…
  •   9. Hunting Dogs
  •        Dachshund, Golden Retriever, Basset Hound…
  • 10. Sled Dogs
  •         Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute, Eurohound…
  • 11. Rescue Dogs
  •        Staffordshire Bull Terriers, Bull Terrier…
  • 12. Service Dogs
  •        Golden Retriever, German Shepherd, Samoyed…

1.Apartment Dogs

Apartment DogsAmong the most popular apartment breeds are Basset Hounds, Labrador Retrievers, Poodle and Yorkshire Terriers. Dogs that live in an apartment are common, and some breeds behave and adapt much better to apartment life than others. There are many things you need to consider if you want to buy an apartment dog.

For instance housebreaking is a very important aspect, you don’t want your dog to mark his territory all over the furniture and whatnot. Labradors are easy to train and respond faster to such conditions than Chihuahuas, for example. Other aspects include dog allergies, exercise requirements and dog maintenance, eating habits, whether or not the dog gains weight fast, etc.

It’s important to thoroughly research the breeds you are interested in and learn how to properly keep an apartment dog happy. Most dogs get anxious and start scratching furniture, bark a lot etc. if they are left alone in an apartment for long periods of time.

2.Companion Dogs

Most canines are good companion dogs yet popular breeds are Chihuahuas, Bulldogs and Golden Retrievers. Companion dogs are probably the most common types dogs. Most people are looking for a new companion when they want to buy a dog. A companion canine needs to be loving and caring, obedient and intelligent.

It’s very easy to mistreat your dog and let things take a turn for the worst. In most cases this happens without any knowledge of the owner. Many people think that their dog is at fault, whereas there are solutions if the owner is willing to do what’s necessary.

Keeping a healthy, happy dog is imperative in order to have a good relationship with your dog. To keep a dog happy you must take care of his grooming and brushing needs, feed him, pet him and exercise with him. Also, most dogs need at least one daily walk to satisfy their migrating instinct.

3.Family Dogs

Family DogsIn this category the Pomeranian, the Schnauzer and the Poodle are very popular. Family dogs are similar to companion dogs in many ways. They both need to be gentle and affectionate. However the main difference is that families commonly involve children. Again, different breeds react differently to children and/or other pets.

It’s important to choose a pet that is either natively good with children, or he has been socialized properly during puppyhood. But there is more to it than that. Very small dogs are not good choices as family dogs. They are vulnerable and get hurt easily by boisterous children.

In addition, some dogs can’t stand being teased and will promptly snap at any nuisance. This can be easily understandable – imagine someone tugging at your ears and nose for hours, every day. However some breeds, such as Labradors, are much more tolerant than others.

Furthermore it’s very likely that you will have other pets. Dogs reactions to children and other animals are closely related. Those who behave well with other pets generally behave just as well with children. The other way around is also true. If, by chance, you get a dog that is irritable or unsociable then plenty of socialization can still take care of the problem.

4.Watch Dogs

Watch DogsThis category includes Rottweilers and German Shepherds as well as unusual breeds such as Chihuahuas. Since the beginning of time have dogs been used as staunch watchmen. Dogs have a natural tendency to bark whenever they see approaching strangers. Most have a rather loud bark that was great at waking people up at the presence of danger.

Today watch dogs are mainly used to guard a yard. Smaller dogs tend to bark a lot more because they feel the need to compensate. You might think that a watch dog has to be big and strong but you would be surprised at the most common watch breeds. For instance, Chihuahuas are hard to train but they love to bark, so they make natural watch dogs, even though they are among the smallest dog breeds in the world.

5.Guard Dogs

Guard DogsThe Rottweiler and the Doberman are among the best possible choices. Guard dogs feel like an upgrade from watch dogs. A watch dog will alert you, and everyone else, whenever someone is trying to mischieviously enter your yard, steal something or attack you. A guard dog is also capable of defending you from potential threats.

Rottweiler guard dogs are common among pet owners, and for good reason. The strong dog is more than capable of dealing with suspicious persons. In addition there is also a fear factor involved. A big, intimidating dog may scare someone into jumping out of their pants instead of attempting to sneak his way around your home.

6.Toy dogs

Toy DogsBichon Frise and Miniature Schnauzers are popular among pet owners. Toy dogs, or miniature dogs, are either very small breeds or downsized breeds. A bred down breed was originally a medium or large sized dog that has been progressively bred in smaller and smaller members to produce a new, small, lookalike of the original.

A common toy dog example is the Bichon Frise, whose special ability is requiring considerable grooming. An example of a bred down breed is the English toy Terrier. Some toy dogs are raised as lap dogs.

7.Lap dogs

Lap DogsSpeaking of which, American Cocker Spaniels and Toy Poodles are great examples. These dogs are made to sit in your lap. They would obviously have to be small, you wouldn’t want a 40 pound beast lumbering in your arms. However it’s possible to raise a Great Dane in such a way that he thinks he’s a lap dog.

That would be a rather unfortunate turn of events. Once he’s started on the idea you might find it hard to convince him otherwise. Lap dogs don’t usually need much exercise and are content to sit on your lap, on the couch or any other comfortable-looking place for most of the day.

8.Herding dogs

Herding DogsWelsh Corgis and Border Collies are probably the most well known herding dogs. Herding canines use two different techniques to help people control herds of animals. They either run around the flock, barking like the Border Collie or they nip at the heels of the cattle in order to drive them forward in semicircles.

Welsh Corgis are small dogs that nip at the heels of the group. They are among the few breeds capable of herding geese. There are even two types of Welsh Corgis – the Pembroke and the Cardigan – but the Cardigan is more popular as a herding dog.

9.Hunting dogs

Hunting DogsMost of these breeds are also great apartment dogs. There are many types of hunting dogs: Golden Retrievers, Dachshunds, German Shorthaired Pointers, even Basset Hounds just to name a few. Some dogs are supposed to bring back game from land or even water (the Golden Retriever is superb at the job). Pointers are supposed to track game and “point” in it’s direction to give relevant information to the hunters.

There are also smaller hunting dogs such as the Dachshund which follow small game into their underground burrows, either flushing them out or killing the prey on the spot. Many hunting breeds have good attitude and intelligence so they also make great companion or family dogs.

10.Sled Dogs

Sled DogsBy far the most popular is the Siberian Husky, but many other breeds are used; such as the Alaskan Husky and the Eurohound. They have many names, such as sleigh man dogs or sledge dogs, but they all mean the same thing. Highly trained dogs that coalesce in order to pull a dog sled. The most important characteristics are their great endurance and good speed.

Sometimes even 10-12 dogs are used to pull one dog sled. There are several breeds commonly used, the most popular being the Syberian Husky. This arrangement has unknown origins but today there is even a sport called sled dog racing, the most famous long-distance race Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.

11.Rescue Dogs

Rescue DogsAny breed can be found at a rescue centre although, naturally, some are more prevalent, such as the Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Rescue dogs are called as such because they were rescued either from a neglecting home, a hurtful owner, euthanasia or just from the streets.

The most common reasons for dogs to end up in a rescue centre are either moving family, a no pets allowed policy in the home, too many pets already, too high maintenance cost, neglecting conditions and others. Also, almost all of the ones that end up as rescue dogs had no prior obedience training.

12.Service Dogs

Service DogsThe most popular service breeds are the Golden Retriever, the Labrador Retriever and the German Shepherd. Service canines handle the most complex and varied of dog tasks. There are many types of service dogs including autism, guide, mobility and even psychological service dogs.

Among the various things they know how to do you can include opening doors, picking up various objects, notifying when an alarm is sounded or someone is at the door. However their skills go much further – they can stop you from drinking, stand in front of you in order to stop you from falling on stairs, saving your life through an epilepsy crisis and many others.

While all types of dogs come from the same species you can see that they differ in size, weight, style, task, temperament and many others. It is easy to understand why dogs truly are man’s best friend.

 

Overview on Labrador Retrievers, The Most Popular Dogs

Overview on Labrador Retrievers, The Most Popular Dogs

As you may know, Labradors were originally gun dogs, picked specifically for their retrieving abilities. Of course, Labradors can do much more than that but that was their original purpose. These clever dogs can undertake most dog tasks with ease.

Regardless, nowadays they are more house-pets, less gun dogs, however they are still used for that by some people. The Labrador is the most popular dog in the United States, and he is in the top 5 in several other major countries. Now you would [...] More about: Overview on Labrador Retrievers, The Most Popular Dogs

 

Myths and Facts on Housebreaking Your Chihuahua

Myths and Facts on Housebreaking Your Chihuahua

If you ignore this aspect of your dog’s life you’ll be very upset, very fast. There are lots of things you should and shouldn’t do to housebreak your dog effectively. There are also a lot of myths running around causing people to neglect important information they can use.

Furthermore, these misconceptions lead people to insist that some dogs are bad and that they should stay away from them. Successful housetraining is probably the most important part of a healthy relationship and a happy life with [...] More about: Myths and Facts on Housebreaking Your Chihuahua

 

Teach Your Chihuahua Good Leash Manners

Teach Your Chihuahua Good Leash Manners

Going out for a walk gives you the excitement and dynamic of a wolf pack. Of course, your Chihuahua is no wolf, but you could consider him to be a scaled-down version of a wolf, with less fur and duller teeth. But anyway, the idea is that you’re travelling as a pack to see what’s up.

There’s a lot of focus put on the importance of a daily walk for your dog, yet little emphasis is placed on why. To really get a grasp of [...] More about: Teach Your Chihuahua Good Leash Manners

 

Puzzle Toys Will Keep Your Chihuahua on His Toes

Puzzle Toys Will Keep Your Chihuahua on His Toes

Chihuahuas love having something fun to do, and they’ll keep pestering you even when you want to work or watch some TV. You’re not always up to the challenge and sometimes you don’t really feel like playing. But some part of you yearns to show him some love.

People usually turn to ignoring their dogs as they get a little lazy. But after a while they can’t stand the guilt and whining and go ahead and drop whatever they were doing for some playtime. Feeling [...] More about: Puzzle Toys Will Keep Your Chihuahua on His Toes

 

Tracking is an Excellent Game For Your Chihuahua

Tracking is an Excellent Game For Your Chihuahua

There are plenty of nose games around and you can teach your Chihuahua to find items, people, your keys, you and many more. They are more or less variations on the same theme, you teach him to find stuff using his nose.

The aforementioned games are all air scent games, that is, the dog puts his head up, takes a sniff and looks for something specific. Outdoors trailing involves a different kind of scent tracking.

Tracking is right up there at the top of the [...] More about: Tracking is an Excellent Game For Your Chihuahua

 

How to Teach Your Chihuahua to Play Scent Games

How to Teach Your Chihuahua to Play Scent Games

Scent hounds have been an instrumental part of hunting for hundreds of years. Hunting with their nose has been a favorite activity among dogs and wouldn’t you love bringing some of that thrill into your Chihuahua’s life?

Sure, he will never be much of a hunter, but that doesn’t stop him from using his nose to find his favorite treats. If the idea rings to you take a look at some of these scent games.

There are many advantages to incorporating scent games in your [...] More about: How to Teach Your Chihuahua to Play Scent Games

 

Proper Chihuahua Grooming and Bathing

Proper Chihuahua Grooming and Bathing

Coat care is generally pretty simple for a smooth coated Chihuahua, and only slightly harder for a long coat Chihuahua. Dogs need grooming all year long as they shed all the time.

You basically have three choices – trim, brush or vacuum. But that’s only a label. It doesn’t tell you anything about what you need to do to keep your dog in top shape.

Nail clipping is something that should become routine for you sooner or later. It’s a good idea to start clipping [...] More about: Proper Chihuahua Grooming and Bathing

 

How to Co-exist With Your Chihuahua Peacefully

How to Co-exist With Your Chihuahua Peacefully

Living with a dog as part of the family requires a little more than an extra bowl for food and some extra cleaning. A Chihuahua doesn’t have such high demands concerning his general care as some other dog breeds. However you need to be aware of their vulnerabilities and how they behave.

There are lots of benefits to owning a Chihuahua as opposed to some of the other dogs but there are also things you need to watch out for. For instance Chihuahuas don’t hold [...] More about: How to Co-exist With Your Chihuahua Peacefully

 

Are You Thinking of Buying a Chihuahua?

Are You Thinking of Buying a Chihuahua?

Being the smallest dog in the world, people are bound to consider the Chihuahua sort of a half dog, and are surprised and annoyed that such a small creature could be so confident and outgoing. Chihuahuas aren’t exactly outgoing, and they are quite cautious around new people and animals, but they are not afraid of a challenge and won’t back down, even if the opposition is a lot more sizeable.

This can actually be a problem because they will probably lose any confrontation with another [...] More about: Are You Thinking of Buying a Chihuahua?

 

Amaze Your Friends With Hand Signals for Commands

Amaze Your Friends With Hand Signals for Commands

Once you’re getting some results with training you’ll start to feel much more confident in the abilities that your Shiba Inu has. Incorporating hand signals is a lot of fun, and is the basis of any dog that played in a movie.

It would be pretty awkward if during a scene the handler would say “Sit” while actors were performing. He must use hand signals to get the same results. Fortunately dogs are very keen on watching body language and hand signals are surprisingly easy [...] More about: Amaze Your Friends With Hand Signals for Commands