Teaching Your Pomeranian Basic Commands

Now that we’ve established some basic outlines of how training should go, it’s time to put it in practice. Now we have to use these principles to make them effective. In order to see the results you want with your Pomeranian you have to consistently use the proper way to conduct training.

So, as we talked about, keep training sessions short and upbeat, making sure you always end in a positive note. It’s important to make the experience enjoyable for your dog; otherwise he will have less and less incentive to do what you want.

Going into it without expectations will make things a lot easier. Even if your Pomeranian is a champion trickster, when you’re trying something new, keep an open mind. You want to avoid frustration. If you begin to feel frustrated, stop immediately. Take a short break and then start again. It’s no use trying to teach your Pomeranian anything when you are not in the mood.

What is the proper timing for rewarding and praising good behavior?

Teaching Your Pomeranian Basic Commands

It’s not only important to do it right, using an upbeat tone and choosing the best treats, you also have to time it right. We have already talked about ignoring bad behavior instead of punishing it. It’s a great thing to do that will keep training relaxed and enjoyable even if the dog isn’t doing anything right.

When he does do something right you have to immediately praise and reward him. I’m talking half a second fast. This way you will make sure the Pomeranian makes the connection between the reward and his correct response.

A poorly trained dog will probably slowly get into a sitting position when you say the word sit. In this case timing is a little tricky. You don’t want to reward the beginning of his response, but rather the end position. You will reward the correct sitting position half a second after he completes it.

A word of caution on repeating commands

Never repeat the command. It’s just that easy. There is an important thing you need to know about issuing and repeating commands. Once you say a command the dog will keep it in memory for about two minutes. If you repeat it at any point during this time he will likely associate it with the last command.

What happens if the dog catches on that the first instances of a command are optional. When you say a command and he doesn’t comply at all simply wait a couple of minutes and then try again.

This is also the idea behind short training sessions. If you keep insisting on one thing the dog will start to mix things up. Not only will he be more confused than ever, he will also become less interested because it’s not fun and rewarding anymore.

Advancing and mastering a command

very well trained Pomeranian performing flawlessly

When you first start out, say we use “sit” as an example. The first times you will have to assist the dog into the sitting position; either raise the treat above his head so he has to sit to reach it, or you can use soft pressure, etc.

As you advance the dog will start to comply on his own, albeit slowly. Once your Pomeranian is correctly performing the response more than 85% of the time it can move on to the next level. You will increase difficulty by either adding distractions, shortening the response time or lengthening reward time.

Adding distractions will make it harder for your dog to listen to you, because he has to listen to you and ignore distractions. But as he learns to trust you more and more and sees that you always have good things for him he will automatically listen to you more.

Shortening response time means you will only reward a faster performance. First reward him for sitting in three seconds, then in two seconds and ultimately, instantly.

Lengthening reward time is the opposite. You will reward a longer performance. After he sits you wait for a few seconds before you give him the treat. You don’t give him treats for short responses anymore. This way you will teach him that he also has to maintain a command until you say so. This is called the time delay technique.

If you want your Pomeranian to consistently obey you then the easiest way is to follow these guidelines. Then you can begin to shape and perfect his response to the ideal response.

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